Bihar is intimately known as Buddhist circuit of India. In 6th Centaury BC, Bihar was marked a blazing trail of Buddhism religious philosophy and thoughts and mind of the populace. Hindu (Jainism) and Buddhist are the 2 religion which brought Bihar in lime light in old world religious aspects. Bihar is derived from the world ’vihara’, which means Buddhist monastery. The temples in these states have a dazzling past. Most of them are predate the Aryan influx, while others are combined with the Vedic pantheon. Various Puranic legends refer to Bihar as a venue for several such events. The Jain and Buddhist temples, monasteries, mausoleums, minars and mosques are the ideal example to follow. The state offering an idyllic escape from the limitations of city life. This is the place of serendipity.
Patna, the capital city of Bihar. The dusty and highly populated city of Patna of today, in ancient time this the most esteemed seats of political power and religion of Hindu and buddhist in ancient India, this was the historical capital of the mighty Mauryan and Magadh rulers. Once called Pataliputra known as world’s oldest capital cities with golden past. A very fertile arched stretch of place located at the bank of holy Ganga river, the heritage and history of modern day Patna go back well over two millennia. It was Ajatshatru the Magadha king who first built a fort in Pataligram on the bank of the Ganga in 6th century BC, which later flourished into the ancient glory still to be seen in the neighbouring archaeological place at Kumrahar. Bhiknapahari, Bulandi Bagh, Agamkuan, and Kankar Bagh. Pataliputra dominated the political influence of the whole region of north India during 6th century BC and 5th century AD, a fact established by archaeological excavations. Patna reached the zenith of its glory during the reign of Great King Ashoka, who was follower of Buddhism. The city was the centre of supremacy till the regime of the Gupta era, later it started languishing rapidly, for a long period. It was revived by Mughal emperor Sher Shah Suri, after which the city became the capital of the Bengal province. After the decline of the Mughals rulers, the British found Patna a convenient regional capital and built a modern expansion n to this ancient city and called it Bankipore.
Vaishali today is a small village known for its historical past. The epic Ramayana tells the story of the heroic King Vishal who ruled here. Historians maintain that one of the world’s first democratic republics with an elected assembly of representatives flourished here in the 6th century. Vaishali, on the left bank of the Gandak river, is spiritually supreme : Lord Buddha visited this place frequently and at Kolhua, close by, preached his last sermon. One of the famous lion pillars have been erected here by Emperor Ashoka.
Bodhgaya is Located in Bihar State, Bodhgaya (also written Bodh Gaya) is popular of the Buddha’s enlightenment and the holiest of four major Buddhist and Hindu pilgrimage destinations. Also known as Uruvela in the Buddha’s era, now Bodhgaya is now a town of about 30,000 populations. Mahabodhi Temple and the Bodhi Tree are the 2 major sacred sites of Bodhgaya. Around both places are other temples and monasteries of Buddhist religion and traditions, (Tibetan, Bhutanese, and Japanese). This places is visited by millions of buddhist pilgrims specially from Asian countries, visit to Bodhgaya to be inspired, dissipate negative earn merit and karma by visiting the religious places, Here under the Bodhi Tree, Gautama attained supreme knowledge to become Buddha, the `Enlighted One’. This still stands in the temple complex. The glorious Mahabodhi temple in Bodhgaya is an architectural amalgamation of many centuries’ cultures and heritages. The temple built wonderful architecture of the Gupta and later ages, inscriptions describing visits of pilgrims from China, Sri Lanka and Myanmar. During the season, you will find followers and monks in colorful robes meditating where the Buddha did, studying dharma texts, making offerings and prayers to the many stupas, and circumambulating (walking around) the sacred Mahabodhi Temple.
Founded in the 5th century A.D. Nalanda is known as the ancient seat of learning. World’s most ancient University lies in ruins which is 62 kms from Bodhgaya and 90 kms south of Patna. Emperor Ashoka built many monasteries, temples and Viharas here.